Pages Navigation Menu

Luvitsa by the Bulgarian Border

Jewish Bulgaria

Jewish and living in BulgariaJewish community in Bulgaria

From 379 AD Jewish communities have lived in Bulgaria.
Many of the early Synagogues were destroyed in the early days. Many Jewish people have taken refuge from wars and persecution over the centuries, in Bulgaria. They were mainly merchants and traders and one Jewish woman even married the Tsar Ivan Alexander, she was renamed from Sarah to Theodora. Alas in 1352 heretics and Jews were excommunicated and this led to some Jew’s being murdered by a mob.
This did not stop the influx of Jewish people into Bulgaria and around 1300’s many Jews began arriving from Europe and Hungary.
When the Ottomans entered Bulgaria there was a large Jewish community in Sofia, where there is still a large Synagogue standing today.
It seems under Ottoman rule, that the Jewish people thrived in Bulgaria, however, when the Ottomans began to retreat, many Jewish businesses and homes were looted.
The Bulgarian army however, consisted of many enlisted Jewish men who fought for their country (Bulgaria) in not only the Serbian Bulgarian war of 1995, the Balkan War but also the first world war, followed by achievement of equality, until the second world war began, when they were again demoted and not allowed to vote or work in positions of power. Many intermarried with local Bulgarians and those that didn’t had to pay a large tax to the Bulgarian authorities. Even the orthodox Church of Bulgaria opposed this, but, they still had to pay.
Now, along came this World War II and Bulgaria was on the side of the Germans. However, this did not sway the Bulgarians into passing over any of their Jewish citizens. The Jewish population were safe from death by concentration camp, in the arms of Bulgaria.
However, there were laws imposed whereby they could not own rural land, live with a Bulgaria and on using a telephone. But not only King Boris, local citizens, but the Bulgarian Orthodox Church ensured their safety and hence more than 50,000 Jews survived while living in Bulgaria.
Jews living in Greece and Yugoslavia did not get to live and were sent direct to the death camps and the Germans took a large number of Jews leaving from Komotini and Kavala onto a passenger boat, massacred them then sunk the boat.
The surviving Bulgarian Jews had all their personal and business possessions conviscated, yet have more recently officially thanked the Bulgarians for sparing their lives and have since erected ‘the Bulgarian Forest’ in Israel as a credit to the Bulgarians warmth. The Bulgarians even kept this a secret while the communists were in power as reprisals were feared.
From Thessaloniki alone more than 55,000 Jews were sent to the death camps although there are rumours that the Bulgarians offered some protection to Jews that were not Bulgarians and who had managed to flee from the Nazi occupation of Greece and surrounding countries, who gave no such safety to the Jewish people.
After the second world war, the vast majority of the Bulgarian Jewish population left for Israel, it is estimated that there are currently less than 1,000 Jewish still living in the Bulgaria that they still thank for saving the lives of their families.

Shipka War Memorial photos

Posted by on Dec 19, 2015 in Visit | Comments Off on Shipka War Memorial photos

Shipka War Memorial photos

the Shipka War Memorial photos taken Winter 2015 back to the main Shipka page The very spooky war monument seen in these chilly misty shots The Russian army together with the Bulgarian army vs the Ottomans cannons of War the spooky scene at Shipka, created by the icy decending fog the Russian Bulgarian war memorial at Shipka the spooky scene at the Bulgarian war memorial at Shipka back to the main Shipka...

read more

Sofia Museum

Posted by on Nov 30, 2014 in Sofia Museum, Visit | Comments Off on Sofia Museum

Sofia Museum

read more

Sofia 4

Posted by on Nov 30, 2014 in Galleries | Comments Off on Sofia 4

Sofia 4

FIRST...

read more

Sofia 3

Posted by on Nov 30, 2014 in Galleries | Comments Off on Sofia 3

Sofia 3

NEXT...

read more

Sofia 2

Posted by on Nov 30, 2014 in Galleries | Comments Off on Sofia 2

Sofia 2

NEXT...

read more

Sofia 1

Posted by on Nov 30, 2014 in Galleries | Comments Off on Sofia 1

Sofia 1

NEXT...

read more

What’s in here?

Posted by on Oct 25, 2014 in Visit | Comments Off on What’s in here?

What’s in here?

Greetings and welcome to Luvitsa (the Bulgarian for Lioness) My site will be covering these topics and more : PHOTOS PERPERIKON ARCHAEOLOGICAL DIGS SITE BULGARIA! PERPERIKON ARCHAEOLOGICAL DIGS SITE BULGARIA! PERPERIKON ANCIENT HOLY TEMPLE PERPERIKON ANCIENT HOLY TEMPLE Tatul the tomb of Orpheus plus the Sanctuary THE TOMB OF ORPHEUS @ TATUL romantic Stone Wedding Kardjali Bulgaria THE ROMANTIC STONE WEDDING Svadba Bulgaria STONE WEDDING in KARDJALI STONE WEDDING in KARDJALI in 2007 Kardzhali in 2014 STONE WEDDING Kardjali in 2012 STONE WEDDING Kardjali in 2012 MUSEUM in KARDJALI BULGARIA MUSEUM in KARDJALI BULGARIA Sedlari archaeological dig site Momchilgrad Kardjali Bulgaria SEDLARI Momchilgrad Kardjali archaeological dig site TRABBANT the PAPER MACHE PICKUP! LUVITSA FACEBOOK PAGE BULGARIAN DAM LAKES and RIVERS BULGARIAN DAM LAKES and RIVERS KARDJALI PARK KARDJALI PARK HORSE POWERED BULGARIAN TRANSPORTATION HORSE POWERED BULGARIAN TRANSPORTATION Mosques in Bulgaria BULGARIAN MOSQUES – Food Markets and parks Kardjali Bulgaria PARKS MARKETS BULGARIAN WALL DECORATIONS BULGARIA DONKEYS 4×4 offroading in Bulgaria, 4×4 in BULGARIA BULGARIA HOMES FOR SALE BULGARIA HOMES FOR SALE VISIT BULGARIA HOLIDAY in BULGARIA THE WILD LIFE of BULGARIA BULGARIAN CASTLES – THE CASTLE USTRA BULGARIAN CASTLES – THE CASTLE USTRA MOSQUES in KARDJALI BULGARIA MOSQUES in KARDJALI BULGARIA My EXPATS FORUM WHATS ON NORTH WEST BULGARIA KIRKOVO KARDJALI BG LAND FOR SALE SCENIC PHOTOS BULGARIA INTERNET WHATS ON BULGARIA …… ARCHAEOLOGY places to visit in beautiful...

read more

Eyub Hobi Carpenter

Posted by on May 3, 2014 in Visit | Comments Off on Eyub Hobi Carpenter

Eyub Hobi Carpenter

read more

Wood Craftsmanship by Eyub Hobi

Posted by on May 2, 2014 in Visit | Comments Off on Wood Craftsmanship by Eyub Hobi

Wood Craftsmanship by Eyub Hobi

read more

Lavat the Lion

Posted by on Feb 2, 2014 in Archaeology, Lavat the Lion, Visit | Comments Off on Lavat the Lion

Lavat the Lion

Lavat the Lion (Luv) Lavat the Lion set in stone is often referenced when talking about the Mushrooms, yet my photos here are the only one’s currently available on the web. Lavat the Lion is situated on the road to Zlatograd in southern Bulgaria You can clearly see this Huge Megalithic yet natural stone formation showing Lavat the Lion comfortably sleeping, yet in a ready to pounce mode! Lavat the slumbering Lion Lavat the Lion – Bulgarian for Lion = Luv – Bulgaria for Lioness = Luvitsa and how about Egyptian Bulgaria? take a close look at this Egyptian set in stone...

read more